Question from badclas333, Can a Person Under 18 Sign a Contract Without Parental Consent in Canada?
Answer from AI:
In Canada, the age at which a person can enter into a contract varies by province. The age of majority, which is when a person is considered an adult for legal purposes, is 18 in most provinces, but it is 19 in British Columbia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, and Yukon.
Contractual Capacity of Minors
In general, a minor (someone under the age of majority) does not have the capacity to enter into a contract. However, there are exceptions to this rule. For example, a minor can enter into a contract for necessities, such as food, clothing, and shelter.
In some provinces, a minor can also enter into a contract if it is beneficial to them. This is determined on a case-by-case basis, and the minor has the right to repudiate (cancel) the contract upon reaching the age of majority, unless the contract was for necessities or beneficial to the minor.
In Alberta, under the Minors’ Property Act, a minor who is 16 or 17 years old can enter into a contract without parental consent, and the contract will be binding.
In Ontario, under the common law, a minor can enter into a contract, but it is voidable at the minor’s option, unless it is for necessities or beneficial to the minor.
In Quebec, under the Civil Code, a minor can enter into a contract without parental consent if it relates to employment or services that the minor can perform, and if the contract is not harmful to the minor.
Please note that this is a general explanation and the specifics can vary. It is recommended to consult with a legal professional for personalized advice.