This answer is written by AI. The information provided in this response is intended for general informational purposes only and should not be considered as legal advice. Do not rely solely on the information provided in this response for any legal decisions. Consult with a qualified legal professional before making any decisions.

Can Schools Legally Track School-Issued Computers?

Question from Extra, Can Schools Legally Track School-Issued Computers?

Answer from AI:

In the United States, the question of whether schools can legally install tracking devices on school-issued computers that students take home involves a complex interplay of privacy rights, school policies, and federal and state laws. Understanding the legal landscape requires examining several key aspects, including the purpose of tracking, the notification process, and the rights of students and parents.

Legal Basis for Tracking

Schools often issue laptops or tablets to students to facilitate learning, both in school and at home. The primary legal justification for installing tracking software on these devices typically revolves around safeguarding the property of the school and ensuring the devices are used appropriately for educational purposes.

Key considerations include:

  • Ownership: Since the devices are school property, schools generally have broad discretion to manage and protect their assets. This includes using tracking software to locate lost or stolen devices.
  • Consent: Schools may require students and parents to sign an agreement acknowledging the use of tracking software on the device as a condition of its use.
  • Privacy Concerns: While schools have certain rights to track their property, they must balance this with students’ rights to privacy. This includes limiting tracking to the device’s location and not monitoring personal information or activities without clear, lawful justification.

Federal and State Laws

Several federal and state laws impact the use of tracking software on school-issued devices, including:

  • Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA): This law restricts the collection of personal information from children under 13 without parental consent. While it primarily applies to online services, it underscores the importance of parental consent in educational contexts.
  • Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA): FERPA protects the privacy of student education records. Schools must have a legitimate educational interest to access or disclose information from these records, which could extend to the use of tracking software in certain contexts.
  • State Privacy Laws: Some states have enacted laws that specifically address privacy in educational settings, potentially imposing additional restrictions on the use of tracking software.

Best Practices for Schools

To navigate the legal and ethical considerations of tracking school-issued devices, schools should adopt clear policies and practices that respect students’ privacy rights while protecting school property. These might include:

  1. Notifying students and parents about the use of tracking software, including what is tracked, how information is used, and any rights they may have to opt-out or limit tracking.
  2. Limiting tracking to locating lost or stolen devices and ensuring that any access to personal information or activity is strictly regulated and based on a clear, lawful justification.
  3. Regularly reviewing and updating policies to comply with federal and state laws and to reflect best practices in privacy and technology use in education.


While schools have a legal basis for installing tracking software on school-issued devices, they must carefully balance this with respect for students’ privacy rights. This involves clear communication, consent where necessary, and adherence to relevant laws and best practices. For specific concerns or situations, consulting with a legal professional who specializes in education law or privacy law may be advisable.

For more information on privacy in schools, the U.S. Department of Education’s Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) page provides valuable resources. Additionally, the Federal Trade Commission’s Children’s Privacy guidance offers insights into protecting children’s privacy online, which can be relevant to the use of school-issued devices.

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