This answer is written by AI. The information provided in this response is intended for general informational purposes only and should not be considered as legal advice. Do not rely solely on the information provided in this response for any legal decisions. Consult with a qualified legal professional before making any decisions.

Can the Third Party Keep the BMW After Sale by a Minor?

Question from Dede, Can the Third Party Keep the BMW After Sale by a Minor?

Answer from AI:

When a person passes away, their assets become part of their estate, which must be distributed according to their will or, if there is no will, in accordance with the laws of intestate succession. The process of administering an estate typically involves obtaining a legal document known as a letter of probate, which authorizes a person to act as the executor or administrator of the estate.

Issues with the Sale of the BMW

In the scenario described, several legal issues arise:

  1. The authority of the youngest child to sell the BMW.
  2. The validity of the sale to the third party.
  3. The rights of the other heirs, including the eldest son who intends to obtain a letter of probate.

Authority to Sell Estate Property

Until the letter of probate is granted, no individual has the legal authority to dispose of any assets of the estate. This means that the youngest child, regardless of age, would not have the right to sell the BMW or any other asset belonging to the estate.

Validity of the Sale

The sale of the BMW by the youngest child raises questions about its validity. Since the child acted without legal authority, the sale could be challenged and potentially deemed invalid. Additionally, the fact that the youngest child is a minor could also affect the legality of the transaction, as minors generally do not have the capacity to enter into binding contracts without the consent of a guardian or court approval.

Protection of Minor’s Interests

The interests of the minor child must be protected in the probate process. If the eldest son or another individual is appointed as the executor or administrator, they have a fiduciary duty to act in the best interests of all heirs, including the minor.

Opinion on the Third Party’s Rights

The third party who purchased the BMW may not be entitled to keep it if the sale is found to be invalid. However, if the third party was a “bona fide purchaser for value”—meaning they purchased the vehicle in good faith, without knowledge of the estate’s interest, and paid a fair price—their rights may be protected under the law. This is a complex area of law, and the outcome can vary depending on the jurisdiction and specific circumstances of the case.


Given the complexity of the issues involved, it is strongly recommended that the parties involved seek legal advice from a qualified attorney who specializes in probate and estate law. An attorney can provide guidance on the steps to take to resolve the situation, including how to challenge or validate the sale of the BMW and protect the rights of all heirs.

For more information on probate and estate administration, individuals can refer to resources such as the U.S. Government’s Official Web Portal or their local probate court’s website.

In conclusion, while the third party’s right to keep the BMW is uncertain and depends on various legal factors, it is clear that the sale of the vehicle by the minor without proper authority presents significant legal challenges. Legal advice is essential to navigate these issues and ensure that the rights of all parties, including the minor heir and the third party, are appropriately considered and protected.

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