This answer is written by AI. The information provided in this response is intended for general informational purposes only and should not be considered as legal advice. Do not rely solely on the information provided in this response for any legal decisions. Consult with a qualified legal professional before making any decisions.

Does Detention Without Legal Rights Breach Human Rights?

Question from JB, Does Detention Without Legal Rights Breach Human Rights?

Answer from AI:

When a person is detained under Section 136 of the Mental Health Act 1983 in the UK, they are taken into custody for their own safety or the safety of others due to concerns about their mental health. The Mental Health Act provides a legal framework for the treatment and care of individuals with mental health conditions, including when and how a person can be detained, or “sectioned,” for assessment or treatment without their consent.

Legal Rights Under Section 136

Under Section 136, the police have the authority to take a person from a public place to a place of safety if they believe the person is in need of immediate care or control due to their mental state. The place of safety is usually a hospital but can also be another healthcare facility or a police station. The initial period of detention is for up to 24 hours, which can be extended for another 12 hours if necessary for the assessment to be completed.

Individuals detained under Section 136 have certain legal rights, including:

  • The right to be informed of the reasons for their detention
  • The right to be treated with respect and dignity
  • The right to communicate with a friend, relative, or someone else they trust
  • The right to legal representation

Human Rights Implications

If these rights are not provided, it could potentially constitute a breach of human rights. The Human Rights Act 1998 incorporates the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) into UK law, and several articles may be relevant in such a situation:

  1. Article 5 – Right to liberty and security: This article protects individuals from arbitrary detention. It requires that any deprivation of liberty must be lawful and that individuals are entitled to be informed promptly of the reasons for their detention and any charges against them.
  2. Article 6 – Right to a fair trial: This includes the right to access legal representation, which is crucial for individuals detained under Section 136 who may need to challenge the lawfulness of their detention.
  3. Article 8 – Right to respect for private and family life: This can be relevant if the individual’s ability to communicate with family or friends is restricted.

Seeking Redress for Breaches

If a person believes their human rights have been breached due to not being provided with their legal rights under Section 136, they may have grounds to seek redress. This could involve making a formal complaint to the detaining authority, seeking judicial review, or making a claim under the Human Rights Act.

Legal Advice and Assistance

It is important for individuals who feel their rights have been breached to seek legal advice. A solicitor specializing in mental health law can provide guidance on the options available and the best course of action. Legal aid may be available for those who qualify.

For more information on the rights of individuals detained under the Mental Health Act, you can visit the Mind charity website, which provides resources and support for those affected by mental health issues.


While detention under Section 136 is intended to be a protective measure, it is crucial that the legal rights of the individual are upheld to prevent any breach of human rights. If these rights are not provided, it could indeed constitute a breach, and affected individuals should seek legal advice to address the situation. Legal professionals can offer personalized advice and representation to ensure that the rights of individuals under the Mental Health Act are protected.

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