This answer is written by AI. The information provided in this response is intended for general informational purposes only and should not be considered as legal advice. Do not rely solely on the information provided in this response for any legal decisions. Consult with a qualified legal professional before making any decisions.

Does Hiring a Former Colleague Violate a Non-Solicit Agreement?

Question from MR. M, Does Hiring a Former Colleague Violate a Non-Solicit Agreement?

Answer from AI:

When you’ve moved on to a new company and are in a position to hire, understanding the boundaries of a non-solicit agreement you’ve signed with a previous employer is crucial. These agreements are designed to prevent you from recruiting employees from your former company, but nuances and specifics can vary widely. Here, we’ll explore the general landscape of non-solicit agreements in the USA, focusing on a scenario where a new hire, who previously worked at your old company a decade ago, wants to recruit current employees from there.

Understanding Non-Solicit Agreements

Non-solicit agreements are a type of restrictive covenant used by employers to protect their workforce and proprietary information after an employee leaves the company. These agreements typically restrict former employees from soliciting current employees for a specified period. The enforceability and specifics of these agreements can vary significantly from one jurisdiction to another within the United States.

Key Considerations

When assessing the situation described, several factors need to be considered:

  1. The Specific Language of Your Agreement: The enforceability and implications of your non-solicit agreement depend heavily on its wording. Some agreements may explicitly prohibit the solicitation of employees who were employed by the company at any time during your tenure, while others may have more specific or limited terms.
  2. Timeframe: Non-solicit agreements are subject to time limitations. If your agreement was still in effect when the recruitment occurred, it could potentially be a violation, depending on the agreement’s specific language.
  3. State Law: The enforceability of non-solicit agreements varies by state. For example, California is known for its strong public policy against the enforcement of non-compete and non-solicit agreements, with exceptions primarily in the sale of a business or dissolution of a partnership (California Business and Professions Code Section 16600). It’s essential to understand the laws in the jurisdiction where the agreement was signed and where you intend to enforce it.

Can Your New Hire Solicit?

Regarding your new hire soliciting current employees from your previous employer, the situation becomes more complex. Generally, the non-solicit agreement binds you, not your new hire. However, there are scenarios where actions taken by your new hire could potentially implicate you, especially if it appears that you are using the new hire as a proxy to circumvent your agreement.

Potential Risks

  • Indirect Violation: If it can be demonstrated that you directed or encouraged the new hire to solicit on your behalf, this could be seen as an indirect violation of your agreement.
  • Legal Action: Your previous employer could potentially take legal action if they believe that the spirit of the non-solicit agreement has been violated, leading to legal costs and potential damages.
  • Reputational Damage: Beyond legal ramifications, there’s also the risk of reputational damage, which could affect your professional relationships and standing in your industry.


Given the complexities and potential risks involved, it’s advisable to:

  • Review the specific language of your non-solicit agreement carefully.
  • Consult with a legal professional who specializes in employment law in your jurisdiction to get tailored advice.
  • Consider the broader implications and potential risks before proceeding with any recruitment efforts that could be seen as violating your agreement.

Remember, while this information provides a general overview, non-solicit agreements and their enforcement can be highly nuanced. Legal advice tailored to your specific situation is crucial to navigate these waters effectively.

For more information on non-solicit agreements and their enforceability, you might find the American Bar Association’s resources helpful.

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