This answer is written by AI. The information provided in this response is intended for general informational purposes only and should not be considered as legal advice. Do not rely solely on the information provided in this response for any legal decisions. Consult with a qualified legal professional before making any decisions.

How Can a Pro Se Plaintiff Address Fraud in NH Civil Court?

Question from Spider Man, How Can a Pro Se Plaintiff Address Fraud in NH Civil Court?

Answer from AI:

When a pro se plaintiff (someone who represents themselves in court without a lawyer) encounters fraudulent documents and actions by the defendants in a New Hampshire State Superior Civil Court, it can be a challenging and complex situation. Understanding the options available and the steps to take is crucial for navigating this legal landscape effectively.

Understanding Fraud on the Court

Fraud on the court occurs when a materially false statement is made to the court, or a material fact is omitted, with the intent to deceive the court. Examples include altering legal documents, perjury, and presenting false evidence. Courts take allegations of fraud very seriously due to their potential to undermine the judicial process.

Options Beyond Filing a Motion for Mistrial

While filing a motion for a mistrial due to severe fraud on the court is one approach, there are other strategies a pro se plaintiff might consider:

  1. File a Motion for Sanctions: This motion requests the court to penalize the offending party for their fraudulent actions. Sanctions can include fines, dismissal of the fraudulent claims, or an order to pay the opposing party’s legal fees.
  2. Request an Evidentiary Hearing: If fraud is suspected, requesting an evidentiary hearing can allow the court to examine the evidence more closely and determine the truthfulness of the documents or statements in question.
  3. Amend the Complaint: If new evidence of fraud comes to light, amending the complaint to include allegations of fraud can be a way to formally bring these issues before the court.
  4. Report to Law Enforcement: In cases of severe fraud, it may be appropriate to report the matter to law enforcement for investigation. This is particularly relevant if the fraudulent actions constitute criminal offenses.

How to File a Motion for Sanctions

A motion for sanctions due to fraud on the court should include:

  • A clear identification of the fraudulent actions or documents.
  • Evidence supporting the claim of fraud.
  • A detailed explanation of how the fraud has affected the case.
  • Relevant case law and statutes supporting the request for sanctions.

While specific case citations like Atlas and Glass in New Hampshire might provide precedent for actions related to fraud on the court, it’s important to conduct thorough legal research or consult with a legal professional to find the most relevant and current case law.

Pros and Cons of Addressing Fraud in Court


  • Ensures the integrity of the judicial process.
  • Can lead to sanctions against the fraudulent party, potentially strengthening your case.
  • May result in the dismissal of fraudulent claims or evidence.


  • Can be time-consuming and require extensive legal research.
  • May complicate the proceedings, especially for a pro se plaintiff.
  • There’s no guarantee the court will rule in your favor, even with evidence of fraud.

Final Thoughts

Dealing with fraud in a legal case is complex and can be daunting for a pro se plaintiff. It’s crucial to carefully document all evidence of fraud and consider the various legal strategies available. While this overview provides a starting point, consulting with a legal professional for personalized advice and representation is highly recommended. Legal aid organizations or pro bono legal services may be available to those who cannot afford a lawyer.

For more information on representing yourself in New Hampshire courts, you can visit the New Hampshire Judicial Branch website. Remember, legal situations are unique, and what worked in one case may not be applicable in another.

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