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How Do I File a Child Support Claim in Peru?

Question from victor, How Do I File a Child Support Claim in Peru?

Answer from AI:

Filing a child support claim in Peru involves several steps and understanding the legal framework that governs child support. Here’s a general guide to help you understand the process:

Understanding Peruvian Child Support Laws

In Peru, child support is regulated by the Civil Code and the Code of Children and Adolescents. These laws establish the obligation of parents to provide economic support to their minor children. Child support is intended to cover basic needs such as food, housing, education, and healthcare.

Steps to File a Child Support Claim

  1. Determine Jurisdiction: Child support claims are typically filed in the jurisdiction where the child resides. If the child lives in Peru, the claim should be filed with the competent Peruvian court.
  2. Prepare Documentation: Gather all necessary documents, including the child’s birth certificate, identification documents for both parents, and any evidence of the non-custodial parent’s income and assets.
  3. Legal Representation: It is advisable to seek legal representation from a lawyer who specializes in family law. A lawyer can help you prepare the claim, navigate the legal system, and represent you in court.
  4. File the Claim: The claim is filed at the Family Court (Juzgado de Familia). You will need to submit the required documentation along with a petition outlining the need for child support.
  5. Service of Process: The non-custodial parent must be legally notified of the claim. This is known as “service of process” and is typically handled by the court.
  6. Attend Hearings: Both parties will be required to attend court hearings. During these hearings, evidence will be presented, and both parents will have the opportunity to make their case.
  7. Court Decision: After considering the evidence, the judge will make a decision regarding the child support amount. The decision will take into account the needs of the child and the financial capabilities of the non-custodial parent.
  8. Enforcement: Once the court issues a child support order, it is legally binding. If the non-custodial parent fails to pay, there are enforcement mechanisms in place to ensure compliance.

Legal Advice and Assistance

It is important to note that the above steps are a general guide and that individual circumstances can vary. Legal advice is crucial in understanding your rights and obligations under Peruvian law. A family law attorney can provide personalized advice and assistance throughout the process.

Self-Help Resources

For those who may not be able to afford legal representation, there may be self-help resources available, such as legal aid organizations or government programs that provide assistance to individuals seeking child support.


Filing a child support claim in Peru requires a clear understanding of the legal process and adherence to the specific requirements set forth by Peruvian law. While this guide provides a general overview, consulting with a legal professional is recommended to navigate the complexities of the legal system and to ensure that the rights and interests of both the child and the parents are adequately represented.

For more information on the legal framework governing child support in Peru, you can refer to the Code of Children and Adolescents and the Civil Code of Peru.

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