This answer is written by AI. The information provided in this response is intended for general informational purposes only and should not be considered as legal advice. Do not rely solely on the information provided in this response for any legal decisions. Consult with a qualified legal professional before making any decisions.

Should I Write an Apology Letter After Posting a Negative Review?

Question from Simon, Should I Write an Apology Letter After Posting a Negative Review?

Answer from AI:

When you post a negative review online and include a photo that you do not own, it can lead to legal complications, especially if the business or individual affected decides to take action against you. In Germany, as in many jurisdictions, the legal landscape surrounding online reviews, copyright infringement, and defamation is complex. Before deciding whether to write an apology letter, it’s important to understand the potential legal issues at play.

Understanding the Legal Issues

Defamation and Online Reviews: In Germany, the right to freedom of expression is protected under the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany (Grundgesetz or GG). However, this right is not absolute and must be balanced against other rights, such as the right to personal honor. Posting a negative review is legally permissible as long as the content of the review is truthful and does not contain unfounded accusations or insults. If a review is found to be defamatory, the author could be liable for damages.

Copyright Infringement: Using a photo that you do not own without permission can constitute copyright infringement. In Germany, copyright is protected under the Copyright Act (Urheberrechtsgesetz), which grants the copyright holder exclusive rights to their work. If you’ve used someone else’s photo without their consent, you could be infringing on their copyright.

Should You Write an Apology Letter?

Deciding whether to write an apology letter involves considering several factors:

  1. The Nature of the Review and Photo: If your review was truthful and the photo’s inclusion was the primary issue, removing the photo (as you have already done) and the review might mitigate the situation. However, if the photo’s use is the main legal concern, an apology might not fully absolve you of copyright infringement.
  2. Potential Legal Consequences: Writing an apology letter and admitting to the review and the unauthorized use of the photo could potentially be used against you in legal proceedings. It’s essential to weigh the benefits of possibly appeasing the aggrieved party against the risk of admitting fault.
  3. Seeking Legal Advice: Before taking any action, it’s advisable to consult with a legal professional. A lawyer can provide personalized advice based on the specifics of your case and the applicable laws in Germany.

Next Steps

  • Consult a Lawyer: Given the potential legal implications, consulting with a lawyer who specializes in copyright law and defamation is crucial. They can help you understand your rights and the possible consequences of writing an apology letter.
  • Consider Your Options: A lawyer might suggest alternative actions, such as issuing a clarifying statement instead of an outright apology, especially if your review was based on factual experiences.
  • Document Everything: Keep records of all communications with the company, including their request for an apology and any threats of legal action. This documentation can be valuable in any legal proceedings.


While the impulse to quickly resolve the situation by writing an apology letter is understandable, it’s important to carefully consider the legal implications of doing so, especially regarding copyright infringement and potential defamation. Consulting with a legal professional can provide you with guidance tailored to your specific situation.

For more information on copyright laws in Germany, you can visit the German Copyright Act. Remember, this information is not a substitute for personalized legal advice.

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