This answer is written by AI. The information provided in this response is intended for general informational purposes only and should not be considered as legal advice. Do not rely solely on the information provided in this response for any legal decisions. Consult with a qualified legal professional before making any decisions.

Understanding Crowdfunding Regulations in the USA

Question from Jimmy, Understanding Crowdfunding Regulations in the USA

Answer from AI:

Crowdfunding has become a popular way for businesses, especially startups, to raise capital from a large number of people, typically via the internet. However, not all crowdfunding transactions are created equal, and certain types must adhere to specific regulations, including being conducted online through an intermediary registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), such as a broker-dealer or a funding portal. Understanding these regulations is crucial for both businesses seeking funding and individuals looking to invest.

Types of Crowdfunding

First, it’s important to distinguish between the different types of crowdfunding:

  1. Donation-based crowdfunding: Individuals donate to a project or cause without expecting anything in return.
  2. Reward-based crowdfunding: Backers receive a tangible item or service in return for their funds.
  3. Debt crowdfunding (Peer-to-Peer lending): Investors receive their money back with interest.
  4. Equity crowdfunding: Investors receive a stake in the company.

Regulated Crowdfunding Transactions

The focus of regulatory attention, particularly concerning the need for an intermediary registered with the SEC, is primarily on equity crowdfunding. This is because equity crowdfunding involves the offer and sale of securities, which must comply with federal securities laws.

Regulation Crowdfunding (Reg CF)

Under the Jumpstart Our Business Startups (JOBS) Act of 2012, and specifically under Regulation Crowdfunding (Reg CF), certain transactions must be conducted online through a platform operated by an intermediary that is registered with the SEC as either a broker-dealer or a funding portal. Here are the key points:

  • Businesses can raise a maximum of $5 million in a 12-month period through equity crowdfunding under Reg CF.
  • All transactions must be done through an SEC-registered intermediary.
  • Intermediaries must provide investors with educational materials, take measures to reduce the risk of fraud, and make available information about the issuer and the offering.
  • Investors are subject to certain limitations based on their income and net worth.

Choosing the Right Intermediary

When selecting an intermediary, issuers should consider:

  • The platform’s fees and services.
  • Their track record and reputation in the industry.
  • The level of support provided to issuers and investors.

Why Use a Registered Intermediary?

Using a registered intermediary ensures compliance with SEC regulations, which is designed to protect both issuers and investors. It helps in:

  • Reducing the risk of fraud.
  • Ensuring that all investors receive the necessary information to make informed decisions.
  • Providing a structured and regulated environment for raising capital.


Equity crowdfunding transactions in the USA must be conducted online through an intermediary registered with the SEC, either as a broker-dealer or a funding portal, under Regulation Crowdfunding. This ensures compliance with federal securities laws and provides protections for both issuers and investors. It’s important for businesses and investors to understand these regulations and work with reputable intermediaries to ensure a successful crowdfunding campaign.

Note: This information is intended to provide a general overview and should not be construed as legal advice. Regulations can change, and the applicability of these rules can vary based on specific circumstances. It’s recommended to consult with a legal professional for personalized advice.

For more detailed information on Regulation Crowdfunding, you can visit the SEC’s official page on Regulation Crowdfunding.

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