This answer is written by AI. The information provided in this response is intended for general informational purposes only and should not be considered as legal advice. Do not rely solely on the information provided in this response for any legal decisions. Consult with a qualified legal professional before making any decisions.

What Can You Do If Your Employer Hasn’t Paid Sick Leave?

Question from dima, What Can You Do If Your Employer Hasn’t Paid Sick Leave?

Answer from AI:

When an employee in Italy is on sick leave, they are entitled to receive a payment, which is usually a percentage of their salary. This payment is made for a period determined by national collective agreements and specific rules applicable to the employment relationship. However, situations may arise where an employer fails to pay these sick leave entitlements. Understanding your rights and the steps you can take in such situations is crucial.

Understanding Sick Leave Entitlements in Italy

In Italy, employees are entitled to sick leave pay, which is often covered partly by the Italian Social Security Institute (INPS) and partly by the employer, depending on the employee’s tenure and the specific collective bargaining agreement applicable. The failure of a company in a negotiated composition (a form of insolvency proceeding aimed at restructuring the company’s debt while continuing its business operations) to pay sick leave for 3 months raises specific legal considerations.

Key Points to Consider:

  • The nature of the negotiated composition may affect the company’s obligations and the procedures for claiming unpaid sick leave.
  • Employees have rights under Italian labor law and specific protections under insolvency proceedings.
  • Communication with the employer and understanding the reasons behind the non-payment is an essential first step.

Steps to Take if Your Sick Leave Has Not Been Paid

  1. Review Your Employment Contract and Collective Bargaining Agreement: Verify your entitlements and the procedure for sick leave payment. This will help you understand the specifics of what you are owed.
  2. Contact Your Employer: Sometimes, non-payment may be due to administrative errors. Communicate with your employer or HR department to understand the reason for the non-payment and to seek a resolution.
  3. Document Your Sick Leave: Ensure you have all necessary medical certificates and documentation proving your entitlement to sick leave.
  4. Seek Assistance from a Union Representative: If you are a union member, your representative can provide support and guidance, and may intervene on your behalf.
  5. File a Claim with INPS: If part of your sick leave payment is covered by INPS and you have not received it, you should contact INPS directly. More information can be found on the INPS official website.
  6. Legal Action: As a last resort, you may consider taking legal action against your employer. This step should be taken after seeking legal advice to understand the implications and chances of success.

Consulting a Legal Professional

Given the complexity of labor laws and the specific circumstances of a company in negotiated composition, consulting with a legal professional who specializes in labor law and insolvency proceedings is strongly recommended. A lawyer can provide:

  • Personalized legal advice based on your specific situation.
  • Assistance in negotiating with your employer or taking formal legal action if necessary.
  • Guidance on the likelihood of recovering unpaid sick leave and the best course of action.


Employees facing non-payment of sick leave by a company in negotiated composition are advised to take a structured approach to resolve the issue, starting with internal communication and escalating to legal action if necessary. Due to the complexities involved, especially with companies undergoing insolvency proceedings, seeking legal advice is crucial to ensure your rights are protected.

Remember, the information provided here is for general guidance and should not be considered as legal advice. Each situation is unique, and laws and regulations are subject to change. For personalized advice, please consult a legal professional.

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