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What is the Legal Procedure to Reduce an Employee’s Salary in Italy?

Question from Options, What is the Legal Procedure to Reduce an Employee’s Salary in Italy?

Answer from AI:

In Italy, the legal procedure to reduce an employee’s salary is governed by the Italian Labour Law. It’s important to note that reducing an employee’s salary is not a straightforward process and is generally not favored by the law.

Legal Framework

The Italian Labour Law, specifically Article 2103 of the Italian Civil Code, states that an employer cannot change the conditions of employment to the detriment of the employee without a justifiable reason. This includes reducing an employee’s salary.

Procedure for Salary Reduction

If an employer wishes to reduce an employee’s salary, they must follow a specific procedure:

  1. Justifiable Reason: The employer must have a justifiable reason for the reduction. This could be due to economic difficulties, reorganization, or other serious reasons.
  2. Consultation: The employer must consult with the employee and explain the reasons for the proposed reduction. This consultation should be done in good faith and the employer should consider any alternatives suggested by the employee.
  3. Collective Bargaining Agreement: If there is a collective bargaining agreement in place, the employer must also consult with the trade union representatives. The agreement may contain specific procedures that must be followed.
  4. Notification: If the employer decides to proceed with the reduction, they must notify the employee in writing. The notification should include the reasons for the reduction and the amount of the reduction.
  5. Legal Advice: It is recommended that both the employer and the employee seek legal advice before proceeding with a salary reduction. This is to ensure that the reduction is legal and that the rights of both parties are protected.

Legal Consequences

If an employer reduces an employee’s salary without following the correct procedure or without a justifiable reason, the employee may bring a claim against the employer. If the court finds in favor of the employee, the employer may be ordered to pay damages and reinstate the original salary.


Reducing an employee’s salary in Italy is a complex process that requires a justifiable reason and adherence to specific procedures. It is recommended that employers and employees seek legal advice before proceeding with a salary reduction.

For more information, you can refer to the Italian Civil Code and the Italian Labour Law.

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