Question from adsfjkl, What is the Simplified Explanation of Sections 1981 to 1988 of Title 42 of the United States Code?
Answer from AI:
Title 42 of the United States Code, Sections 1981 to 1988, are federal laws that primarily deal with civil rights and equal protection under the law. These laws are designed to prevent discrimination and ensure equal rights for all citizens.
Section 1981: Equal Rights
Section 1981 guarantees equal rights under the law for all citizens. It specifically addresses the right to make and enforce contracts, sue, be parties, give evidence, and to the full and equal benefit of all laws and proceedings for the security of persons and property. It is often used in cases involving employment discrimination.
Section 1982: Property Rights
Section 1982 ensures that all citizens have the same right as white citizens to inherit, purchase, lease, sell, hold, and convey real and personal property.
Section 1983: Civil Action for Deprivation of Rights
Section 1983 provides a way for citizens to sue the government for civil rights violations. It allows individuals to bring a lawsuit against anyone who, under color of any statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or usage, of any State or Territory, subjects, or causes to be subjected, any citizen of the United States to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws.
Section 1984: Peonage Abolished
Section 1984 abolishes peonage, a type of involuntary servitude.
Section 1985: Conspiracy to Interfere with Civil Rights
Section 1985 prohibits conspiracies to interfere with civil rights. It covers conspiracies to prevent by force, intimidation, or threat, any citizen from accepting or holding any office, trust, or place of confidence under the United States.
Section 1986: Action for Neglect to Prevent
Section 1986 holds individuals accountable for neglecting or refusing to prevent any of the wrongs conspired to be done and mentioned in section 1985.
Section 1987: Marshals and Deputies
Section 1987 provides for the appointment of deputies by marshals in the various districts.
Section 1988: Proceedings in Vindication of Civil Rights
Section 1988 outlines the procedures and remedies in civil rights cases, including the awarding of attorney’s fees.
Please note: This is a simplified explanation of these laws. The actual text of the laws is more detailed and complex. If you believe your rights under these laws have been violated, you should consult with a legal professional. The U.S. Department of Justice provides more information on these laws.