This answer is written by AI. The information provided in this response is intended for general informational purposes only and should not be considered as legal advice. Do not rely solely on the information provided in this response for any legal decisions. Consult with a qualified legal professional before making any decisions.

Will Police Share a Hoax Bomb Threat Report with the FBI?

Question from Sam, Will Police Share a Hoax Bomb Threat Report with the FBI?

Answer from AI:

When a hoax bomb threat is investigated, and the suspect resides in a different state from where the threat was made, the question of whether local police will share their investigative report with the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) arises. Understanding the interplay between local law enforcement and federal agencies in such scenarios is crucial.

Understanding Jurisdiction and Cooperation

In the United States, law enforcement responsibilities are divided among local, state, and federal agencies. Each has its own jurisdiction, but they often work together, especially in cases that cross state lines or involve potential national security threats.

Local and State Law Enforcement

Local and state police departments are typically the first responders to crimes reported in their jurisdictions. They handle the initial investigation, including collecting evidence, interviewing witnesses, and identifying suspects.

Federal Law Enforcement

The FBI, a federal agency, has jurisdiction over more than 200 categories of federal crimes, including terrorism and crimes that cross state boundaries. Hoax bomb threats, especially those involving public spaces or transportation systems, can fall under federal jurisdiction due to their potential to incite panic and disrupt national security.

Sharing Information Between Agencies

In cases involving hoax bomb threats where the suspect lives in a different state from where the threat was made, local police are likely to collaborate with federal agencies, including the FBI. This cooperation can involve sharing investigative reports and other relevant information. Several factors influence this process:

  1. Nature of the Threat: The severity and credibility of the threat can determine the level of federal involvement. High-profile or highly credible threats are more likely to attract federal attention.
  2. Interstate Elements: If the threat involves multiple states—either through the location of the suspect, the target, or the means of communication (such as the internet)—federal agencies are more likely to get involved due to their cross-state jurisdiction.
  3. Request for Assistance: Local or state law enforcement might request the assistance of federal agencies if the case exceeds their resources or expertise.
  4. Legal Requirements: Certain laws and protocols may require local law enforcement to notify federal agencies about specific types of threats or crimes.

Legal Framework and Protocols

The legal framework governing the sharing of information between local and federal law enforcement includes various laws, regulations, and agreements. For example, the Patriot Act and other post-9/11 legislation have facilitated increased cooperation and information sharing between agencies to combat terrorism and related threats.

Consulting a Legal Professional

While general guidelines can provide an overview, the specifics of any legal situation depend on the details of the case. If you are involved in or affected by a hoax bomb threat investigation:

  • Consult with a legal professional who can provide advice tailored to your situation.
  • Understand that legal professionals can help navigate the complexities of law enforcement interactions and protect your rights.


In summary, while local police are the primary investigators of crimes within their jurisdiction, they will likely share their investigative report with the FBI in cases of hoax bomb threats where the suspect resides in a different state. This cooperation is facilitated by legal frameworks designed to ensure effective law enforcement across state lines and protect national security. However, the specifics can vary, and consulting with a legal professional is advisable for personalized advice.

For more information on the FBI’s role and jurisdiction, you can visit the FBI’s Terrorism Investigation page.

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